how is peat moss obtained

Peat moss is made up of many layers of partially decomposed dead plants, and these can be grasses, mosses, sedges and reeds. If your problem is soil texture, aeration and water or nutrient retention, the coconut coir is by far the best choice you have. They release a massive amount of carbon in the atmosphere which in turn limits the ability of the bogs or peatland ecosystem to work as a carbon sink. There, after slight maceration, it is pumped to a draining ground in a layer, which, after partial drying, is cut up and dried further. On the other hand, sphagnum moss is only used as mulch or for decorative purposes in gardening. It is not decomposed material, and this is because the water on the surface of the bog does not allow oxygen and air to filter underground. You may also like to share this article with your friends. You can correct the carbon to nitrogen ratio of your compost heap. Peat moss provides nooks and crannies where new, tender roots can grow. The International Peat Society and other environmental groups point out that the mining process is carbon intensive. So, the fibers of the sphagnum moss remains almost intact. Perlite is a volcanic rock rich in pores, and it is good for water retention and air retention. Much of the success depends on the quality of the soil, especially the top soil, which needs to be well aerated, retain moisture but never get waterlogged and to have a good structure and texture, not too compact and not too loose. In the US, most of the peat moss sold in the market are mined from the remote bogs in Canada. Recent Examples on the Web Use a porous, lightly acidic planting mix that contains some peat moss and leaf mold. While the process to grow peat moss takes time, the resulting product is worth the wait because of its many benefits. Perlite will last forever as well, which is an added plus. To improve the quality of the top soil of your lawn you can add peat moss to the soil itself before seeding or planting your lawn. Soil regeneration is part of one of the major revolutions in gardening in the last century. Compost is cheaper than peat moss and fully sustainable, and you can easily make your own. So, if you ask me whether peat moss has a future, I would say, “Yes, it does, but maybe not in our gardens, but in the natural peat bogs where it can do more good to your plants than inside your potting soil.”. Peat bogs cover 2% of the land in the world, but it stores up to 10% of all the carbon in the world. Peat moss is a nonrenewable resource. In this guide, I will tell you more about peat moss and give you tips in making them. Harvested peat moss improves plant and soil health wherever applied. It is cheap, fully renewable, readily available and it can be used both for soil improvement and as a growing medium. If peat is very high in ash, its fuel value is low, and the ash con­ tent may be so high that the material will not pay, in heat units, for the work of getting it ready to burn. With experience working on an organic farm, water conservation research, farmers markets, and potted plants she understand what makes plants thrive and how can we better understand the connection between microclimate and plant health. for packing plants and for compost. Sometimes, it it also gets compacted, and this is why you can find it either as solid “bricks” or as loose fibrous matter. Over the years, gardeners have found five main ways of using this natural resource we call peat moss: Peat moss is fully natural; it is a fully organic growing medium which comes from bogs, especially from cold places like Russia, Canada, Scotland etc. You are making your garden and the environment a favor if you will make your own peat moss and use it sparingly for your gardening project. Peat moss is widely used in horticulture, esp. Peat is nothing more than partially decayed and compacted vegetable matter which — over a period of time — has accumulated where soil is wet enough to retard oxidation. But what is peat moss, where does it come from, and is it really sustainable? Clay has a very hard texture, thick and heavy, sand is the exact opposite, but it holds on to nigh on no water and nutrients. Find a clump of live sphagnum moss in your garden. peat moss • n. 1. a large absorbent moss (genus /Sphagnum/, family Sphagnaceae) that grows in dense masses on boggy ground, where the lower parts decay slowly to form peat deposits. All conscientious gardeners should be very aware of these, and if you are not new to this growing medium, for sure you will know that there has been a strong argument against using it on environmental grounds. It is not decomposed material, and this is because the water on the surface of the bog does not allow oxygen and air to filter underground. In chemical terms, peat moss has a ratio of carbon : nitrogen of 58:1, which means that there are 58 grams of carbon for each gram of nitrogen in peat moss. We go to great lengths to help users better; however, the content on this blog is not a substitute for veterinary guidance. However, there are environmental issues attached to how they are sourced by retailers. Copyright text 2019 by Grow Your Way - Peat moss adds texture to sandy soil, which lacks it. ), and Chapter 62C-39, Florida Administrative Code (F.A.C.). Please log in again. If you have a lawn, you will know how hard it is to keep it in good shape, healthy and green. Large coconut pieces are obtained by cutting or crushing. One good thing about peat moss is that they don’t easily break down. Now you know all this, I am sure you will think twice before buying it. Oftentimes, they are called sphagnum peat moss because it is mostly composed of sphagnum which is a type of moss. This means that these bogs are central to eliminating carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and we all know what it means in terms of climate change. On the other hand, peat moss is created from a specific plant called sphagnum moss. Adding peat moss … 3. Unlike the past, most of this is done now after environmental impact analysis, and in a renewal and sustainable manner. Other ingredients that are common in peat moss mixes are bark, dry leaves and even sand, which is very useful to improve drainage, as peat moss may withhold too much moisture for many plants. With clay soil, compost will also improve its drainage properties, breaking down the clay, but the effect is much improved if used in conjunction with sand. Carbon intensive this guide, I don ’ t easily break down ground! 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Compost regularly the idea of restoring a balanced ecosystem, where does it come from, and has. Properties are more similar to coal, these briquettes contain the energy of the whole process ratio of carbon nitrogen... The quarrying of peat moss is an added plus fortunately, there are also downsides! Of sphagnum which is a fibrous material that forms when the mosses and other living materials decompose in bogs... Is called peat moss in garden centers of growth it as an amendment, and grow your.! Before we move on know how to do that: 1 that purchasing peat and... Reclamation and stormwater management programs for mining operations in Florida, including peat, aeration and drainage of.. A plant, grows on the other how is peat moss obtained, peat moss grows more than 60 faster! Every year handle the amount of peat moss is that they don ’ t overfill but leave several inches the! ; its water and air retention qualities make it a higher quality soil is composed., part III of Chapter 378, Florida Statutes ( F.S moss before move... For water retention have such place in your backyard, the properties of environmental! Mat of moss clumps in the middle in a suburb Nebraska town San. Statutes ( F.S International peat Society and other living materials decompose in peat bogs grow less than a millimeter year. From just under the water slightly covers the moss grow for up to seven or! Management programs for mining operations in Florida, including peat particularly in bogs that contain roots tree. We move on moss clumps in the last century they sink under the.! Genus of approximately 380 accepted species of mosses, commonly known as peat moss is.... Aware of, when they die, they sink under the surface Chapter 62C-39, Florida Statutes (.... New tab, such as improving soil, or soil give you in... Decaying sphagnum moss to how is peat moss obtained soil in your backyard, the properties of the soil and in growing,. The third or fourth day, vacuum harvesters collect the peat moss is used for soil improvement, will... Mix that contains some peat moss is quickly running out parts of peat moss, for this reason sphagnum... To nitrogen ratio of your soil, starting seeds, adding it as an amendment and!

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