It was very kind to leave her own country and come along with her mother to the land of Israel, to dwell with her, and help to maintain her. on StudyLight.org He did not offer to violate her chastity, though he had all the opportunity that could be. The events in it happenedover 3000 years ago. Ruth 3 Commentary - Ruth Seeks for Marriage with Boaz; JOHN KITTO Studies on Ruth. And the Chaldee says, Strength was given her from the Lord to carry it and adds that now it was told her by the spirit of prophecy that from her should descend six of the most righteous men of their age, namely, David, Daniel, his three companions, and the king Messiah. When Boaz had supped with his workmen, and been awhile pleasant with them, he went to bed in due time, so early that by midnight he had his first sleep (Ruth 3:8), and thus he would be fit for his business betimes next morning. We see it in Naomi in 3:1–5, in Ruth in 3:6–9, and in Boaz in 3:10–15. Ruth 3:17 - She said, 'These six measures of barley he gave to me, for he said, ‘Do not go to your mother-in-law empty-handed.'' In the middle of the night, Boaz “was startled” (literally shivered) due to the chilly night air. In the original it is "the places of his feet" (see Ruth 3:4). And when she held it, he measured six measures of barley, and laid it on her: and she went into the city. In chapter two, we learn … Continue reading "Commentary on Ruth 3:1-5; 4:13-17" Plug in, Turn on and Be En light ened! Boaz knew it was not any sinful lust that brought her thither, and therefore bravely maintained both his own honour and hers. John Piper Jul 15, 1984 150 Shares Conference Message. Ruth 3:4-5 'And it shall be when he lies down, that you shall notice the place where he lies, and you shall go and uncover his feet and lie down; then he will tell you what you shall do.' By this statement Boaz recognized the attractiveness of Ruth and the possibility that she might have sought marriage among the personable young men of Bethlehem. It must have been a very happy day for both Naomi and Ruth. Preaching Series on Ruth (Week 3 of 4) Week 3: August 5, 2018 Preaching text: Ruth 3:1-18; accompanying text: Matthew 7:7-8 Ruth 3: Daring to Act Sometime later, Naomi takes matters into her own hands. Much more reason have true believers to cast their care on God, because he has promised to care for them. Bethlehem (1:19 -22) 3. Sep 3, 2008. And all the while a kinsman named Boaz was preserved as a husband for Ruth to raise up an heir for the family name and property. 3. Scripture: Ruth 3. How she was welcomed by her mother-in-law. In this verse, Boaz suggested that other options were open to Ruth who might have chosen to marry for love (poor) or for money (rich), but instead, "She chose a marriage of benefit for her family. She saw her opportunity and took it! Then said she, Sit still, my daughter, until thou know how the matter will fall; for the man will not rest, until he have finished the thing this day.". Ruth 3 Devotionals (Multiple) PAUL KRETZMANN. Behold, he winnoweth barley to night in the threshingfloor. Sit still, and see how the matter will fall, for the Lord will perfect that which concerns thee, and will make it to work for good to thee, Psalm 37:4,5,138:8. (Ruth 3:14). I will, however, give a brief Yet he does not bid her go herself to this other kinsman this would have been to put too great a hardship upon her: but he promises, [1.] 10 And he said, Blessed be thou of the LORD, my daughter: for thou hast showed more kindness in the latter end than at the beginning, inasmuch as thou followedst not young men, whether poor or rich. Thus must we lay ourselves at the feet of our Redeemer, to receive from him our doom. Ruth 3 Pictorial Bible; WOODROW KROLL Lessons on Living. And she said, These six measures of barley gave he me; for he said, Go not empty unto thy mother-in-law. We must therefore think that the thing did not look so ill then as it does now. Ruth boldly, yet humbly and properly, sought her rights. The Book of Ruth Commentary by ROBERT JAMIESON CHAPTER 3 Rth 3:1-13. Deuteronomy 25:5-10 says nothing about "a near kinsman," but emphasizes that it is the deceased husband's brother who is to marry the bereaved widow. There was likewise a particular reason for concealment here. When he had more than ordinary work to be done, he treated his servants with extraordinary entertainments, and, for their encouragement, did eat and drink with them. We will be utilizing the Complete Jewish Bible translation unless otherwise noted. Then he gave them new gifts to makethem glad. And when Boaz had eaten and drunk; and his heart was merry, he went to lie down at the end of the heap of grain: and she came softly and uncovered his feet, and laid her down. Naomi herself designed nothing but what was honest and honourable, and her charity (which believeth all things and hopeth all things) banished and forbade all suspicion that either Boaz or Ruth would attempt any thing but what was likewise honest and honourable. 3Wash thyself therefore, and anoint thee, and put thy raiment upon thee, and get thee down to the floor: but make not thyself known unto the man, until he shall have done eating and drinking. It was six measures, that is six omers as is supposed, ten of which made an ephah whatever the measure was, it is probable he gave her as much as she could well carry, Ruth 3:15. Ruth 3 Devotionals (Multiple) PAUL KRETZMANN. Commentaries on Ruth. Matthew Henry :: Commentary on Ruth 3 ← Back to Matthew Henry's Bio & Resources. 16 And when she came to her mother in law, she said, Who art thou, my daughter? Ruth 3 Pictorial Bible; WOODROW KROLL Lessons on Living. "She recognized her own happiness as secondary to that intention, and such a model of selfless concern for the needs of others" reminds us of what Paul said of Jesus Christ himself (Philippians 2:1-11). It would not have been safe for her to go home in the dead of the night therefore she lay at his feet (not by his side) until morning. (4-16) Ruth returns to her mother-in-law. "Lord Jesus, take me into thy covenant and under thy care. (1-3) The kindness of Boaz to Ruth. RUTH REPORTS HER SUCCESS TO NAOMI (Ruth 3:14-18), "And she lay at his feet until the morning; and she rose up before one could discern another. If Boaz was, as they presumed, the next kinsman, she was his wife before God (as we say), and there needed but little ceremony to complete the nuptials and Naomi did not intend that Ruth should approach to him any otherwise than as his wife. Naomi well KNEW that Boaz would not rest until the matter was settled. She was not shy of being known to be a gleaner in the field, nor ashamed of that mark of her poverty. ", "I am a near kinsman" (Ruth 3:12). One of the laws of Israel was that the closest male relative (typically a brother but could be farther removed) of a deceased husband would go into the widow such that her name would be continued on in Israel (Deuteronomy 25:5-10, Genesis 38:8). Scripture: Ruth 3. Ruth 4 Commentary: Verses 3 – 4. But as soon as ever the day broke, that she had light to go home by, she got away, before one could know another, that, if she were seen, yet she might not be known to be abroad so unseasonably. She knew Ruth to be a modest woman, chaste, and a keeper at home, Titus 2:5. And they said to her, “Surely we will … Many expositors think it unjustifiable, particularly the excellent Mr. Poole. The Gate (4:1-12) 6. The married state should be a rest, as much as any thing upon earth can be so, as it ought to … Verses 2-3 Ruth was younger than Naomi was. "It is well known that women can carry great weights when properly balanced upon the head. For the rest the interpreter, "`And he said' in this passage has the meaning of, `he thought,'" or "he said to himself." 9 And he said, Who art thou? That, if the other kinsman refused to do the kinsman's part, he would do it, would marry the widow, redeem the land, and so repair the family. Those are giddy indeed that marriage does not compose. and she told her all that the man had done to her. Here is, I. What does it say about Boaz that he, knowing laws about guardian-redeemers, chose to wait for Ruth to come to him before acting upon it? 1. So she lay at his feet until morning, and she arose before one could recognize another. For. RUTH 3 COMMENTARY EDITED BY GLENN PEASE Ruth and Boaz at the Threshing Floor 1 One day Ruth’s mother-in-law Naomi said to her, “My daughter, I must find a home[a] for you, where you will be well provided for. So she held it, and he measured six measures of barley and laid it on her. Colossians 3:12-15 – Put on then, as God’s chosen ones, holy and beloved, compassionate hearts, kindness, humility, meekness, and patience, bearing with one another and, if one has a complaint against another, forgiving each other; as the Lord has forgiven you, so you also must forgive. Although Naomi did not expect Boaz to give way to his sensual lust in the situation, she wisely calculated that the physical desirability of Ruth would enhance the probability of a favorable response from Boaz. A list of the best commentaries on Ruth ranked by scholars, journal reviews, and site users. Moab (1:1-18) 2. Biblical Commentary Ruth 3:1-5; 4:13-17 EXEGESIS: THE CONTEXT: Understanding the context is critical to understanding this lectionary reading. With a charge to keep counsel (Ruth 3:14): Let it not be known that a woman came into the floor, and lay all night so near to Boaz for, though they needed not to care much what people said of them while they were both conscious to themselves of an unspotted purity, yet, because few could have come so near the fire as they did and not have been scorched, had it been known it would have occasioned suspicions in some and reflections from others. Let us learn hence to cast our care upon providence, to follow that and attend the motions of it, composing ourselves into an expectation of the event, with a resolution to acquiesce in it, whatever it be. He knew her demand was just and honourable, and treated her accordingly, and did not deal with his sister as with a harlot, Genesis 34:31. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mhm/ruth-3.html. II. Ruth 3 Commentary; ALFRED LEEDES HUNT. Our strength is to sit still, Isaiah 30:7. Like a prudent corn-master, he kept an account of all he delivered out. Scripture: Ruth 3. It was usual to allow widows and foreigners to do this (see Leviticus 19:9-10). After taking up Ruth 1:1-18 in the Twenty-second Sunday after Pentecost, the lectionary now skips to 3:1-5 and 4:13-17. 1706. In chapter 4 verses 18-22,there is a list of people who were born into Ruth’s family. THE BOOK OF RUTH Lesson 3: Chapters 3:6-4:22 Boaz Becomes Ruth's Blood Redeemer • Previous • Ruth Lessons List Beloved Lord God, It was Your intention that mankind live in fellowship with You eternally, but in Adam's fall from grace that bond of eternal fellowship was broken and for the first time man was in need of a Redeemer. Ruth 3 Commentary - Ruth Seeks for Marriage with Boaz; JOHN KITTO Studies on Ruth. There are many things about this narrative that simply do not fit the Biblical teaching with regard to levirate marriages. Copyright StatementJames Burton Coffman Commentaries reproduced by permission of Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. Masters may sustain great losses by servants that are heedless, though they be honest, which is a reason why men should be diligent to know the state of their own flocks, and look well to them. To understand our text, you must know the story. Ruth 3:10-18, “10 He said, 'May ADONAI bless you, my daughter. Note, We must always take care, not only to keep a good conscience, but to keep a good name: either we must not do that which, though innocent, is liable to be misinterpreted, or, if we do, we must not let it be known. 8 And it came to pass at midnight, that the man was afraid, and turned himself: and, behold, a woman lay at his feet. So then we know that Kilion married Orpah. She had shown in this instance more kindness to her mother-in-law, and to the family into which she had matched, than in any instance yet. BY NAOMI'S INSTRUCTIONS, RUTH LIES AT BOAZ'S FEET, WHO ACKNOWLEDGES THE DUTY OF A KINSMAN. "Commentary on Ruth 3:4". “It happened in the days when the judges judged“ (v. 1a). (Ruth 3:12b-13a RSV) There is an obstacle that needs to be cleared away before he can act as a redeemer. "Divine and human actions work together" in the achievement of God's purpose. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bcc/ruth-3.html. Ruth 3 commentary 1. The Chaldee paraphrase tell us (Ruth 3:7) that Boaz ate and drank and his heart was good (and so the Hebrew word is), and he blessed the name of the Lord, who had heard his prayers, and taken away the famine from the land of Israel. 7 When Boaz had eaten and drunk and his heart was merry, he went to lie down at the end of the heap of grain; and she came secretly, and uncovered his feet and lay down. Ruth 3:6-14 6So she went down to the threshing ﬂoor and did just as her mother-in- law had instructed her. III. III. Boaz will therefore open his mouth for the dumb (Proverbs 31:8), and will say that for this widow which she knew not how to say for herself. How Ruth was dismissed by Boaz. You can read more commentaries on familiar Bible stories in our People in the Bible topic page. It is probable, according to the common usage, 1. Much more reason have good Christians to be careful for nothing, but cast their care on God, because he has promised to care for them: and what need have we to care if he do? ", "And he went into the city" (Ruth 3:15). Then he said, "Blessed are you of the LORD, my daughter! She having approved herself well in the fields, and all her conduct having been modest and decent, he would not, from this instance, entertain the least suspicion of her character nor seem to do so, perhaps blaming himself that he had not offered the service of a kinsman to these distressed widows, and saved her this trouble, and ready to say as Judah concerning his daughter-in-law, She is more righteous than I. If this matter should take wind, it might prejudice the freedom of the other kinsman's choice, and he would make this his reason for refusing Ruth, that Boaz and she had been together. And she said unto her, All that thou sayest I will do.". (3.) Matthew Henry Commentary on the Whole Bible (Complete) /. But there was sweet providence as well. 3 “Wash yourself therefore, and anoint yourself and put on your best clothes, and go down to the threshing floor; but do not make yourself known to the man until he has finished eating and drinking. Ruth /. This she did 1. "And he said, Let it not be known that the woman came to the threshing-floor." ", "She came softly" (Ruth 3:7). All other rights reserved. James Moffatt apparently understood the passage thus, because he translated the words, "uncover his waist." (2.) (1.) Leon Morris pointed out that, "`His feet,' as used here is possibly a euphemism for pudendum (the external genitals) as in Exodus 4:25." 4 “It shall be when he lies down, that you shall notice the place where he lies, and you shall go and uncover his feet and lie down; then he will tell you what you shall do” (Ruth 3:3-4, NASB95). And she answered, I am Ruth thine handmaid: spread therefore thy skirt over thine handmaid for thou art a near kinsman. She observed her mother's orders, went and laid herself down, not by his side, but overcross his bed's feet, in her clothes, and kept awake, waiting for an opportunity to tell her errand. Ruth committed herself to care for Naomi. And be it always remembered that is best for us which is best for our souls. (4-16) Ruth returns to her mother-in-law. II. And upon this occasion she would have an easier access to him in private than she could have at his own house. Sometimes that proves best done for us that is least our own doing. Ruth 3:6-7 So she went down to the threshing floor and did according to all that her mother-in-law had commanded her. Ruth 3:3. This could only happen through Boaz marrying Ruth, and providing children to carry on the name of Elimelech. The book of Ruth is a story. 2And now is not Boaz of our kindred, with whose maidens thou wast? 1. She instructs Ruth, “Now wash and anoint yourself, and put on your best clothes and go down to the threshing … Continue reading "Commentary on Ruth 3:1-18" 3. And when Boaz had eaten and drunk; and his heart was merry, he went to lie down at the end of the heap of grain: and she came softly and uncovered his feet, and laid her down. The Chaldee paraphrase thus descants upon it:--He subdued his concupiscence, and did not approach to her, but did as Joseph the Just, who would not come near to his Egyptian mistress, and as Phaltiel the Pious, who, when Saul had given him Michal, David's wife (1 Samuel 25:44), put a sword between himself and her, that he might not touch her. 1983-1999. 14And she lay at his feet until the morning: and she rose up before one could know another. Ru 3:1-13. When Boaz had eaten and drunk and his heart was merry, he went to lie down at the end of the heap of grain; and she came secretly, and uncovered his feet and lay down. You may also be interested in these selected articles: Young people must aim, in disposing of themselves, not so much to please their own eye as to please God and their parents. The great point in this remarkable narrative is that Ruth acted UNSELFISHLY by placing the purpose of providing an heir to her husband Mahlon and her mother-in-law Naomi on the very highest level of priority. "The same word in the plural is translated "wings" in Boaz' prayer (Ruth 2:12)," where he speaks of "Jehovah, under whose wings thou (Ruth) art come to take refuge." He did not put any ill construction upon what she did, did not reproach her as an impudent woman and unfit to make an honest man a wife. "He measured six measures of barley" (Ruth 3:15). This narrative may encourage us to lay ourselves by faith at the feet … If there was any thing improper in it, the fault must lie upon Naomi, who put her daughter upon it, and who knew, or should know, the laws and usages of Israel better than Ruth. And when she came to her mother-in-law, she said, Who art thou my daughter? And he said, “Who are you?” So she answered, “I am Ruth, your maidservant. Although Naomi did not expect Boaz to give way to his sensual lust in the situation, she wisely calculated that the physical desirability of Ruth would enhance the probability of a favorable response from Boaz. Ruth's good assurance in the management of her affair. She had no thoughts of marrying herself, Ruth 1:12. This he knew, but we may reasonably suppose Naomi (who had been long abroad, and could not be exact in the pedigree of her husband's family) was ignorant of it, otherwise she would never have sent her daughter to make her claim of Boaz. Resources » Commentaries » Ruth » Chapter 3 » exegesis. Ruth 3 Commentary; LANGE'S COMMENTARY. Let religion determine the choice, and it will certainly crown the choice and make it comfortable. If poor people be but good people, they shall have honour from God and man. It was a way for them to share his gifts with poor people. 1Then Naomi her mother in law said unto her, My daughter, shall I not seek rest for thee, that it may be well with thee? Chapter 1 hit us with the bitter providence of God in the life of Naomi as she left her land, and lost her husband, her sons, and one of her daughters-in-law. And he said, Blessed be thou of Jehovah, my daughter, thou hast showed more kindness in the latter end than at the beginning; inasmuch as thou followedst not young men, whether poor or rich. (1-3) The kindness of Boaz to Ruth. O admirable temperance, worthy the progenitor of him in whose lips and heart there was no guile!". But she would not willingly be known to be a night-walker, for her virtue was her greatest honour, and that which she most valued. In our Bibles, the book of Ruth comes after … View Ruth . 2. We found it very easy, in the former chapter, to applaud the decency of Ruth’s behaviour, and to show what good use we may make of the account given us of it; but in this chapter we shall have much ado to vindicate it from the imputation of indecency, and to save it from having an ill use made of it; but the … Commentaries on Ruth. It is the duty of parents to seek this rest for their children, and to do all that is fit for them to do, in due time, in order to it. Make not thyself known — In so familiar a way as thou mayest do hereafter. The Hebrew word for a widow signifies one that is dumb. Note, (1.) Much has taken place in the pages of Ruth during this one week of liturgical time. "This may have been sent to Naomi in recognition of her responsibility for Ruth's actions. Our story thus far – our Heroines Naomi and Ruth have returned to Israel from the distant land of Moab. Ruth Introduction; Ruth 1 Commentary; Ruth 2 Commentary; Ruth 3 Commentary; Ruth 4 Commentary; AUBREY C PRICE. Ruth 4. Ruth 3:14. "Complete Commentary on Ruth 3:4". She asked her, "Who art thou, my daughter? All agree that it is not to be drawn into a precedent neither our laws nor our times are the same that were then yet I am willing to make the best of it. “Kindness”: Ruth’s loyalty to Naomi, the Lord, and even Boaz is commended by Boaz. And uncovered his feet '' ( Ruth 3:7 ) is dumb determine the choice and make comfortable. Know his mind troubled, and hold it. therefore let it be that!, in disposing of their children, must have been a very happy day for both Naomi and Ruth to. To either the one or the other wonderful things she had done her... Bible, Lange 's Commentary on Ruth ranked by scholars, journal reviews, and bravely... Complete Jewish Bible translation unless otherwise noted ] by lying down at Boaz 's good management his. Heroines Naomi and Ruth return to Bethlehem, just in time for the rest interpreter. Observe Ruth 's good assurance in the threshing-floor. 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